The AM16/32B multiplexer significantly increases the number of sensors that can be measured by a Campbell Scientific datalogger. It interfaces with the datalogger and adds terminals for wiring additional sensors of almost any type.
Depending on sensor type, the AM16/32B can multiplex 16, 32, or 48 sensors. Up to six AM16/32Bs may be connected to the same datalogger, depending on the number of control ports and analog inputs available.
The AM16/32B either multiplexes 16 groups of four lines (a total of 64 lines) through four common (COM) terminals, or multiplexes 32 groups of two lines (also a total of 64 lines) through two COM terminals. A cable connects the common terminals to datalogger analog inputs, excitation channels, or ground as required by the sensor. The datalogger controls the multiplexer using two control ports or one control port and one excitation channel.
|-NOTE-||Reset and clock protected by 8 V varistors; +12 V input is protected by +16 V TransZorb.|
|Power||Unregulated 9.6 to 16 Vdc|
|Scan Advance||Occurs on the leading edge of the clock pulse transition (from below 1.5 V to above 3.3 V)|
|Minimum Clock Pulse Width||1 ms|
|Maximum Actuation Time for Relay||20 ms|
|Relay Operation||Break before make|
|Initial Relay Resistance, Closed||0.1 ohm|
|Maximum Switching Current||
(Switching currents greater than 30 mA [occasional 50 mA current is acceptable] will degrade the contact surfaces of the mechanical relays and increase their resistance.This will adversely affect the suitability of these relays to multiplex low voltage signals.Although a relay used in this manner no longer qualifies for low voltage measurement, it continues to be useful for switching currents in excess of 30 mA.)
|Maximum Switching Voltage||
A voltage divider such as the VDIV10:1 may be needed between the AM16/32B and the data logger to stay within the input limits of the data logger channel.
|Minimum Contact Life||5 x 107 operations|
|Maximum Contact Voltage Rating||70 V|
|Maximum Voltage||8 Vdc (clock level)|
|Surge||Complies with IEC61000-4-5, test level 3 (±2 kV, 2 ohm coupling impedance)|
|Operating Temperature Range||
|Dimensions||23.9 x 10.2 x 4.6 cm (9.4 x 4.0 x 1.8 in.)|
|Weight||~680 g (~1.5 lb)|
|Air Discharge||Complies with IEC61000-4-2, test level 4 (±15 kV).|
|Contact Discharge||Complies with IEC61000-4-2, test level 4 (±8 kV).|
Typical Current Drain
|Quiescent||< 210 µA|
|Inactive||< 0.9 V|
|Active||3.3 to 8 V|
Please note: The following shows notable compatibility information. It is not a comprehensive list of all compatible products.
|CR300||CRBasic programming experience is recommended, as the AM16/32B with the CR300 series is not currently supported in Short Cut.|
|CR310||CRBasic programming experience is recommended, as the AM16/32B with the CR300 series is not currently supported in Short Cut.|
A series of data logger instructions control the AM16/32B operation (measurement instructions that are repetitive are generally contained within a programming loop; in the CR800-series, CR1000, CR3000, and CR5000, this functionality is available in the SubScan instruction).
Compatible sensors include thermistors, potentiometers, load cells, strain gages, vibrating-wire or vibrating-strip transducers, water content reflectometers, and soil moisture blocks. The AM25T is recommended for multiplexing thermocouples.
The maximum number of sensors multiplexed through one AM16/32B depends on the type(s) of sensors measured. For example, assuming identical sensors, the AM16/32B can multiplex up to:
The AM16/32B draws less than 210 microamps quiescent, 6 milliamps active—so power considerations are heavily tied to the percentage of time in quiescent versus active states. Use of a relay address can reduce power consumption by minimizing the time spent in an active state.
In most applications, the data logger’s sealed rechargeable power supply should be more than sufficient; the data logger’s alkaline power supply could be used in applications where the multiplexer is activated infrequently.
The AM16/32B operates in most field conditions but requires a non-condensing environment. A weather-resistant enclosure equipped with desiccant is required for field use. A smaller enclosure is often used if the multiplexer is housed at a distance from the data logger.
If the AM16/32B is to be housed in the data logger’s enclosure, one AM16/32B, a CR800, CR850, CR1000, CR3000, or CR10X datalogger, and a PS150 power supply will fit in an ENC12/14. For convenience in wiring, a larger enclosure (e.g., ENC16/18) is recommended.
LoggerNet, PC400, and ShortCut are compatible with the AM16/32B. Short Cut software (available at no charge from our website) supports simple programming and generates wiring diagrams for AM16/32B applications; early versions of Short Cut did not support multiplexers. Please reference the notes in the compatibility table for data loggers.
Number of FAQs related to AM16/32B: 10
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Programming the AM25T multiplexer might be considered more convenient because the newer data loggers have a built-in AM25T CRBasic instruction to handle both AM25T differential thermocouple measurements and differential voltage measurements. There is no CRBasic built-in instruction for the AM16/32B multiplexer. However, the newer versions of the Short Cut program builder software have AM16/32B compatibility for a variety of different sensor types.
Yes. The 3WHB10K is required to measure three-wire temperature probes on the AM16/32B. As both RTDs and thermistors can be measured on the 3WHB10K, refer to the AM16/32B Relay Multiplexer Instruction Manual for the proper programming.
The mechanical contact relays of the AM16/32B are subject to corrosion and pitting, which leads to increased relay resistance and greater variations of the resistance with each contact cycle. Switched currents in excess of 30 mA degrade the relay contacts involved, rendering the channel unsuitable for further low-level analog measurements. (If an AM16/32 relay has been used for currents greater than 30 mA, it is not suitable for low-level mV measurements.) The switching of higher level currents causes increased corrosion and pitting of the relays. The solid-state relays on the AM25T multiplexer are not subject to corrosion and pitting; therefore, they are more suitable for low-level mV signals.
The mechanical relays on the AM16/32B are subject to wear and thus have a limited lifetime. The minimum life rating of the AM16/32B relays is 107 closures. For a relay cycle interval of 1 second, the minimum lifetime is three years. The solid-state relays on an AM25T don't have this issue.
The differences between the mechanical relays on the AM16/32B and the solid-state relays on the AM25T are noteworthy with regard to switching time, voltage and current levels, power consumption, and relay activation noise.
The mechanical relays of the AM16/32B multiplexer are needed for switching excitation currents into resistive bridge measurement circuits. The solid-state relays of an AM25T multiplexer, in contrast, are not suitable for this. The switching relays on the AM16/32B multiplexer are mechanical and have an order of 0.1 ohm resistance. In contrast, the relays on the AM25T are solid state with an on resistance of approximately 500 ohm. The significant resistance of the solid-state relays is problematic for the precision excitation current needed for resistive bridge measurements.
The number of switched lines and banks is different between the two multiplexers. The AM16/32B multiplexer has the operating option of running 16 banks of 4 lines each or of running 32 banks of 2 lines each. The AM25T multiplexer has only the one operating mode of 25 banks of 2 lines each. The 4x16 and 2x32 modes of the AM16/32B can offer more channels, convenience, and flexibility in applications than the 2x25-only mode of the AM25T multiplexer can. The 4x16 operation mode of the AM16/32B is a significant advantage for resistive bridge measurements to switch the current to the bridge circuits in addition to lines set up for the bridge output voltage. The 2x32 mode of the AM16/32B and the 2x25 mode of the AM25T multiplexer are commonly used for sensors that require no excitation (that is, voltages and thermocouples). In the 2x32 mode, the AM16/32B multiplexer has seven more channels than the AM25T offers.
The AM25T multiplexer has a built-in PRT temperature bridge circuit for accurate thermocouple cold junction compensation. It also has heat stabilization features designed to minimize temperature gradients across the wiring panel. The AM25T incorporates a large amount of thermal mass in a central concentrated area around the wiring panel terminals. The wiring terminals on the AM25T are located close to each other and close to the heat stabilization mass.
On the AM16/32B multiplexer, the wiring panel terminals are spread out across a larger area and do not have the large thermal mass design around the terminals that the AM25T has. Part of the thermal mass includes a heat bar that runs under the wiring panel connectors of which the PRT reference element is coupled to. The PRT element is incorporated into a precision full bridge circuit and calibrated for accurate reference temperature readings. The AM16/32B multiplexer does not have a built-in reference temperature PRT and heat bar design. When using AM16/32B multiplexers for thermocouple measurements, an external reference temperature measurement will need to be provided.
Because of its built-in reference temperature circuit and thermal stabilization features, the AM25T multiplexer is more suitable for thermocouple measurements.