Soil / Soil Science and Soil Moisture

How We Can Help You

Campbell Scientific instruments are used in a wide variety of soil-science applications. Multiple sensors can be networked in hard-wired or wireless systems to create soil-moisture profiles, while portable, hand-held systems can make point measurements to verify irrigation scheduling or to perform site surveys. Campbell soil sensor products are key to agricultural research, irrigation scheduling, forestry, watershed studies, leak detection, slope stability, and many other disciplines. Learn more

To see how our systems meet your application needs, review our case studies »

Customise a System

In addition to our standard systems available, many of the systems we provide are customised. Tell us what you need, and we’ll help you configure a system that meets your exact needs.

Contact us

We pride ourselves on helping our customers to find the most suitable products for their unique application.

So that we can provide you with this service, call us on 07 4401 7700, or alternatively submit your enquiry using the form on the bottom of this page.

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More Details about Our Soil Science and Soil Moisture Systems

Data loggers used in Soil Science

Our measurement systems are based around programmable data loggers that measure the sensors, then process, store, and transmit the data. We offer a family of reliable battery-powered data loggers that have wide operating temperature ranges and ample input channels for commonly used sensors. Our data loggers interface directly to most sensors, eliminating external signal conditioning. If needed, channel capacity can be expanded using multiplexers.

Our data loggers also feature programmable scan rates, measurement types, and recording intervals and provide onboard statistical and mathematical functions for on-site data management.

Sensors used in Soil Science Measurements

We can measure nearly every commercially available soil sensor, including tensiometers, heat flux plates, thermocouples, psychrometers, lysimeters, and gypsum blocks. The following is a discussion of the Soil Water Content and Soil Water Matric Potential sensors we manufacture.


The availability of multiple telecommunications and on-site options for retrieving data also allows systems to be customized to meet exact needs. Options include: voice-synthesized phone, telephone, cellphone, satellite, radio, ethernet, short haul, meteorburst, coaxial cable, and storage module. Systems can be programmed to send alarms or report site conditions by calling out to computers, phones, radios, or pagers. Real-time or historical data can be displayed or processed with Campbell Scientific software. Data can also be exported as ASCII files for further processing by spreadsheets, databases, or analysis programs.

Soil Water Content

We measure soil water content using methods that are sensitive to soil dielectric constant. Our TDR100-based system uses proven time-domain reflectometry (TDR) to accurately and reliably measure soil volumetric water content and bulk electrical conductivity in soils over a wide range of textures and soluble salt concentrations. This system uses coaxial multiplexers to connect the TDR100 to up to 512 TDR probes. The TDR100 features lower current demand and a typical measurement time of two seconds. The operating temperature range of -25° to +50°C covers typical applications as well as monitoring frost depth. Windows support software provides setup, troubleshooting, and display of waveforms and measurements. A customized 16 inch by 18 inch environmental enclosure is configured to easily mount and protect a CR1000 datalogger or CR3000 datalogger, 12 Vdc power supply, TDR100, and 8-channel multiplexer.

The CS650 and CS655 are multiparameter smart sensors that use innovative techniques to monitor soil volumetric water content, bulk electrical conductivity, and temperature. They estimate soil-water content for a wide range of mineral soils. Measurements are corrected for effects of soil texture and electrical conductivity.

If you need a profile of the soil water content, the EasyAG and EnviroSCAN sensors are an ideal solution to measure soil moisture at multiple depths. Easy to install, the probes have a measurement range from oven dry to saturation. Integrating the probes into a data acquisition system allows the data to be telemetered back to a field station or remote computer.

For portable volumetric water content measurements, the HS2 HydroSense® II and HS2P HydroSense II Pole systems provide a probe and output display. They can be carried from site to site to provide immediate soil water content readings.

Soil Water Matric Potential

Sensors from Campbell Scientific that measure soil water matric potential use heat dissipation and electrical resistance methods. The 229-L Matric Potential Sensor covers a water potential range from -10 J/kg to -104 J/kg by using the temperature response of a heating element embedded in a ceramic matrix. A constant current source is available for reliable and precise heating. Sixteen 229-L sensors are easily multiplexed to a single data logger differential input channel using a multiplexer. Watermark and Delmhorst electrical resistance sensors provide an inexpensive method of measuring smaller matric potential ranges.

Case Studies

Washington AgWeatherNet
Washington State University’s AgWeatherNet (AWN) is a large automated network composed almost entirely of more
Space Farmers
Imagine the bored mind of a space traveler as he looks around the room more
Australia: Rhizolysimeter Facility
The Charles Sturt University (CSU) Rhizolysimeter is one of the largest root-growth research facilities more
Montana: Acid Rock Drainage Monitoring
Acid Rock Drainage (ARD) problems associated with hard rock metal mining are one of more
Oslo Airport: Groundwater Quality
Construction of the Oslo, Norway airport was authorized on the condition that water supplies more

Get to Know Campbell Scientific

Campbell Scientific Australia has been a trusted leader in measurement systems for 30 years. Our top priority has always been to provide the most accurate, reliable data for research and industry.

We design and manufacture instruments using state-of-the-art technology, and we make them rugged, so they are reliable in harsh environments. Our world-class technical support is backed by Campbell Scientific’s global network of 12 offices and factories.

Campbell makes products that you can trust, so you get data you can trust.

To learn more about who we are and what we do, visit our Company History page and Case Study Library page.

Frequently Asked Questions

Number of FAQs related to Soil Science and Soil Moisture: 2

  1. A weather station typically measures solar radiation, temperature, wind speed, and relative humidity. These parameters are then used to calculate evapotranspiration, which is then used as a starting point in the process of fine tuning an irrigation application to site-specific conditions. These conditions, such as soil type, can vary widely.

  2. We manufacture a weather station for Hunter that they have integrated with some of their irrigation software and control packages. For details on rain shutoff capabilities and irrigation controls specific to Hunter systems, contact a Hunter distributor.

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